The Montessori Method to education is based on the principles of Italian born Doctor, Maria Montessori. Through her work with children, Montessori noticed that, when given the opportunity to select challenging activity that was age appropriate, children became quickly absorbed in the task and gratified in their work. This started a movement away from external achievement, and rather towards a natural process of learning where children gain internal satisfaction in their learning. The philosophy is built on a respect for each child as an individual, allowing them freedom to grow and guiding them towards their goals. It is a method which encourages independent thought through experiences and problem solving. The specially designed materials used in Montessori schools aim at challenging each of the child’s five senses, absorbing them in an activity and being self corrective. The role of the teacher is not to instruct but rather to serve as a model and to facilitate each child’s individual needs. Children learn respect for the environment, respect for one another and respect for themselves. The environment is specially set up for children to be as independent as possible and to move through the environment without obstruction. The home setting provides a natural environment for the child to learn, feeling comfortable and at ease. The number of children in the class is kept small so that the children benefit from focused attention.